Bleeding After IUD

IUD is basically an intrauterine device that is implanted by a health care practitioner, where it can remain for as long as five years to prevent pregnancy. Mirena is recommended for all those women who already have at least one child and do not want to conceive at least at the moment. It is a device that prevents conception by repeatedly releasing certain hormone levels at a rate of 20 micrograms per day.


Bleeding after IUD tends to be the most common side effects among all those women who are implanted with these IUD devices. The manufacturers of these IUD devices consider that the spotting and bleeding may increase during the first 3 to 6 months after the insertion. Patients usually continue to experience irregular menstrual cycle and heavy bleeding between the first 3 to 6 months’ time. The IUD bleeding can often be so severe that women need to undergo surgical procedures to eliminate the device. Injuries that are cause bleeding after the IUD may result in infertility.

Different Bleeding Patterns

Women could experience different bleeding patterns that may result in:

  • Irregular bleeding,
  • Spotting
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Irregular menstruation that results in just 4 to 9 periods yearly or Oligomenorrhea
  • Absence of menstruation at the reproductive age or Amenorrhea

IUD and Bleeding Complications

There have been reports that more than 45,000 women suffer from the Mirena bleeding complications that vary from minor to severe. Infrequent menstruation or Oligomenorrhea needs to be closely monitored for the very first year after the mirena has been implanted to make sure that it does not lead to conception. Generally, Amenorrhea develops in around 20 percent of MirenaIUD users by their first year of use.

The bleeding complications from IUD include:

  • Infection,
  • Conception resulting in miscarriage
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Device being embedded into the uterine wall
  • Perforation
  • IUD shifting to the abdomen

Bleeding Due To Perforation

In most of the cases, the IUD is pushed back through the uterine wall during the implantation process. This is called as the IUD perforation and can cause minor to extreme bleeding. The risk of having mirena IUD perforation during the implant generally depends on the healthcare’s specific level of skill. Experienced doctors have mirena implant on average have just one perforation out of 1000 implants, even though the rates can be less. There are doctors who are unfamiliar with the IUD insertion protocols and they are not presently known to them. IUD perforation during the postpartum insertions is very much likely.