In Vitro Fertilization is a procedure of medically assisted reproduction considered as method of infertility treatment. In Vitro Fertilization can be performed with either the egg cell of a patent or with the donor ovum – for an IVF procedure itself it does not matter whether patient’s or donor’s egg is used as long as the ovulation process went properly and the ovum is healthy. However, problems with conceiving a child, especially in cases of female infertility factor, are mostly the indication for using donor egg. In other cases it also might be of benefit to use donated cell if its quality exceeds the one of the patient.
For some reasons IVF with own egg might not be recommended. As indications for using donor egg we consider in particular ovaries past infections, ovaries removal, complications after surgical operation, lack of ova release, menopause, poor quality or too few ova, birth defects or anatomical disorders, after invasive therapy for cancer, same-sex couples and surrogacy, risk for the baby to inherit genetic disorder from mother or after a combination of mother’s and father’s genes or if cycles with own egg failed repeatedly or after several miscarriages and in cases of unexplained infertility.
Serious deficiencies in ova or abnormalities of ovaries and other cases of female infertility factor practically rule out using patient’s own egg. As a result clinic provides a donor cell that is phenotypically consistent with patient which means the donor is physically matched with the recipient couple as close as it is possible.
Donor Egg as a Good Choice
The fact that there are no contraindications of using the ovum of patient does not mean that the couple cannot use material from a donor. It is often recommended anyway due to many advantages of IVF with egg cells coming from donation. One of the most important is that there is no need for a patient to undergo the procedure of ovum collecting which is the most invasive stage during In Vitro Fertilization cycle and needs to be performer under full anaesthesia.
Other is the quality of cell. Although patient’s eggs might not be absent or impaired but due to age, healthy condition or lifestyle can be not as good and therefore less likely to ensure positive result which is successful fertilisation and implementation of the embryo into uterus. With donor eggs the probability of success might be significantly higher thanks to process of their qualification. The selection of donors is rigorous, they need to undergo number of tests and meet certain criteria. Donors’ BMI has to fit within healthy standards, they need to be young as well as genetically and psychologically healthy to qualify as a donor. Afterwards it is possible for the future parents to choose some details of donor that would be most suitable for them (like weight, posture, height, race, eyes and hair or blood type. Also certain characteristics of donor can be provided such as origin, ancestry, education etc. There are options to choose numerous features of donors both from the country of patient and from other parts of the world for advantage of potential parents.
The Same Maternal Feelings
Using donor egg allows women who cannot get pregnant or it would be extremely difficult to have the authentic maternal experience that is the pregnancy and giving birth. With the child physically as similar as possible and being legal and actual parent it is a dream come true for the parents who have tried to get pregnant without success. Thanks to that solution women can give birth and couples can enjoy having , even if not from own egg, definitely their own children.